Nelson Mandela was born in the Transkei, South Africa, on 18 July 1918. He joined the African National Congress in 1944 and was engaged in resistance against the ruling National Party’s apartheid policies before being arrested in August 1962. He was released in 1990 after more than twenty-seven years of incarceration. He was jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 and became South Africa’s first democratically elected president in 1994. He is the author of the international bestseller Long Walk to Freedom and its sequel, Dare Not Linger: The Presidential Years. He died on 5 December 2013, at the age of ninety-five.